Microsoft Permissive License (Ms-PL)

作者:vkvi整理 来源:千一网络(原创) 日期:2009-5-13

以下都是以我自行理解后翻译而成,仅供参考,本人不保证所有中文翻译能完整或精确表达原文的意思,翻得不好请不要见怪,欢迎多多指教。

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Microsoft Public License (Ms-PL)

微软公众授权 (Ms-PL)

Published: October 12, 2006

发行于2006年10月12日

This license governs use of the accompanying software. If you use the software, you accept this license. If you do not accept the license, do not use the software.

此授权用于管理附带软件的使用权利,如果你使用了此软件代表您接受了本授权;若您不接受此授权,请勿使用此软件。

1. Definitions

1. 定义

The terms "reproduce," "reproduction," "derivative works," and "distribution" have the same meaning here as under U.S. copyright law.

以下词汇 "reproduce," "reproduction," "derivative works," and "distribution" 在美国著作权法中拥有相同的意思。

A "contribution" is the original software, or any additions or changes to the software.

"作品"(contribution)代表原始的,或任何附加过的,或任何经过变更的软件。

A "contributor" is any person that distributes its contribution under this license.

"参与作者"(contributor)代表任何在此授权下发布此作品的个人。

"Licensed patents" are a contributor's patent claims that read directly on its contribution.

"已授权专利" 是参与作者的专利声明,请直接阅读该作品的相关授权声明。

2. Grant of Rights

2. 授权

(A) Copyright Grant- Subject to the terms of this license, including the license conditions and limitations in section 3, each contributor grants you a non-exclusive, worldwide, royalty-free copyright license to reproduce its contribution, prepare derivative works of its contribution, and distribute its contribution or any derivative works that you create.

(A) 著作授权:依照此授权的条款,包括第3段所列之授权条件与限制,每位参与作者授予你非专属权利的、全球性的、与著作版权免权利金的权利,让你能够重制作品、依据作品进行衍生开发、已经散布作品、或任何由你开发出的衍生作品。

(B) Patent Grant- Subject to the terms of this license, including the license conditions and limitations in section 3, each contributor grants you a non-exclusive, worldwide, royalty-free license under its licensed patents to make, have made, use, sell, offer for sale, import, and/or otherwise dispose of its contribution in the software or derivative works of the contribution in the software.

(B) 专利授权:依照此授权的条款,包括第3段所列之授权条件与限制,每位参与作者授予你非专属权利的、全球性的、与已授权的专利免权利金的权利,让你能够制造、使用、销售、经销、或此软件作品或衍生软件作品的配置。

3. Conditions and Limitations

3. 条件与限制

(A) No Trademark License- This license does not grant you rights to use any contributors’ name, logo, or trademarks.

(A) 没有商标许可:本授权并无授权您使用参与作者之姓名、标志、或商标等权利。

(B) If you bring a patent claim against any contributor over patents that you claim are infringed by the software, your patent license from such contributor to the software ends automatically.

(B) 如果你因为声明该软件违法了你的专利而导致你对任何参与作者提出专利主张,你的专利从该参与作者到此软件自动终止。

(C) If you distribute any portion of the software, you must retain all copyright, patent, trademark, and attribution notices that are present in the software.

(C) 如果你散布此软件的任何部分,你必须取得所有出现在软件中的著作权、专利权、商标权、以及属性公告。

(D) If you distribute any portion of the software in source code form, you may do so only under this license by including a complete copy of this license with your distribution. If you distribute any portion of the software in compiled or object code form, you may only do so under a license that complies with this license.

(D) 如果你以原始码的形式散布此软件的任何部分,你可以只将此授权条款的完整副本包含在你的散布中。如果你以编译过的或以对象程序代码的形式散布此软件的任何部分,你可能只能发布遵循此授权条款的方式包含在你的散布中。

(E) The software is licensed “as-is.” You bear the risk of using it. The contributors give no express warranties, guarantees or conditions. You may have additional consumer rights under your local laws which this license cannot change. To the extent permitted under your local laws, the contributors exclude the implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose and non-infringement.

(E) 此软件是以 "目前的状态" 发行,你必须自行承担使用此软件的风险。所有参与作者并没有给予明确的保固、保证、或任何条件。也许在你的当地法律会有额外的消费者权利等议题,但你无法变更此授权的内容。在你当地法律允许的范围内,所有参与作者排除所有具有商业性的隐含保固,或针对特定用途的适用性,以及非侵权。

以上原文为繁体 http://blog.miniasp.com/2008/09/13/default.aspx

另外,谈谈微软的共享源码许可证

2005年年底,微软把这个“共享源码许可证”一分为三(实际上是五个),即:

  • Microsoft Permissive License(简称 Ms-PL); 
  • Microsoft Community License(简称 Ms-CL);
  • Microsoft Reference License(简称 Ms-RL)。

其中(1)Ms-PL,最为宽松,允许用户看(View)、修改(Modify)和分发(Redistribute)源代码,而不论出自商业用途还是非商业用途(目的),类似 BSD 许可证;(2)Ms-CL,允许用户看(View)、修改(Modify)和分发(Redistribute)源代码,但是,要求用户保证任何包含它的较大的“作品”,也必须按照这个许可证发布,类似 GNU 的 GPL 许可证;(3)Ms-RL,允许用户看(View)源代码,但不许修改和分发,只许参考。因此,微软才把他叫作“微软参考许可证”。

其他两个许可证,叫作:(4) Ms-LPL;(5)Ms-LCL,其中的那个“L”,表示“Limited”(受限制之意),要求源代码(编译之后)仅能在 Windows 平台上运行。显然,(1)、(2)一定会得到 OSI 批准,而(3)一定不会通过 OSI 的审查。(4)和(5)两项,有一点可能性,这就要看 OSI 是不是对 Windows 平台“网开一面”了。细细想来,微软公司的这种许可证,确实是够开放的,源代码都让你(一般是政府、学校)看了,你还能说什么?我们应该看到,(3)Ms-RL 许可证(所谓“微软参考许可证”)是微软的底线,不能再后退,否则,微软就不是微软了。

你前面那位网友看了:64 位下,dsoframer.ocx 注册时失败,错误代码为 0x80070005

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